Topical Treatment for Open Angle Glaucoma

  • Reading time:9 mins read
  • Post author:Lois Crabtree
  • Post category:Article

Glaucoma refers to a group of conditions that lead to damage of the optic nerve head, typically caused by raised intra-ocular pressure. Primary open angle glaucoma is the commonest glaucoma type in the UK and affects 8% of people at 80 years old. In open angle glaucoma the iridocorneal angle is open but aqueous flow is diminished. As glaucoma progresses, it can lead to peripheral visual field loss. The mainstay of treatment initially is with eye drops with the aim of lowering intraocular pressure. Intraocular pressure is determined by the production, circulation and drainage of aqueous humour and is considered normal if between 11-21mmHg. If treated, glaucoma progression can be delayed and most people will not have severe visual impairment.

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Visual Impairment and Services Available in a UK Setting

  • Reading time:12 mins read
  • Post author:Omar Mostafa & Kusy Suleiman, Yusuf Abdallah, Thomas Ressiniotis
  • Post category:Article

This article aims to introduce visual impairment in a medical context to a target audience of medical students and junior doctors. The paper aims to depict what visual impairment is, present both global and national epidemiological data, as well as showcase the potential implications visual impairment and blindness have on affected individuals.

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Choroidal Melanoma: An Overview

  • Reading time:13 mins read
  • Post author:Omar Mostafa & Kusy Suleiman, Yusuf Abdallah
  • Post category:Article

retinal epithelium or choroidal melanocytes causing a spectrum of disorders, ranging from choroidal naevus and foreign bodies to the rarer choroidal melanoma. As choroidal melanoma is the most common primary malignant intraocular tumour, this educational review aims to provide a structured overview of this topic to students and junior doctors, to help establish an understanding of such a rare but life-threatening condition. This will also provide the reader with an insight on referral guidelines in the United Kingdom, a brief overview of various treatments, and factors that affect patient’s prognosis.

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